The Yavapai, or "people of the sun," traditionally covered a massive territory of over 20,000 square miles but were able to maintain contact between relatives over vast distances. There were four regional sub-tribes before the arrival of Europeans. The Western Yavapai, Southeastern Yavapai, Northeastern Yavapai, and Central Yavapai. Yavapai traveled south to collect mesquite and saguaro fruit. They traveled north to collect acorns, walnuts, pinyon nuts, mescal and other resources. Yavapai also grew maize and tobacco along Oak Creek.  


Yavapai traditionally had a unique relationship with the Hopi people. Yavapai stories tell of Hopi clans coming from the south. Later, Hopi visited the Camp Verde Salt Mine with the Yavapai. Hopi knew the Yavapai as “the Other People.”


The Verde Valley is a sacred place and part of the Yavapai homeland. It is landscape rich with emergence places, landmarks of ancient events, ruins, collection areas and important caves and springs. ‚Äč