Yavapai camps were sometimes referred to as Rancherias, where groups of families of the same matrilineal descent lived in wickiups in the summer and at times utilized caves near springs in the winter. A traditional Yavapai camp consisted of wickiups and was the center of family life. Relatives lived together and shared resources. Wickiups were made of arrow willow, cottonwood or ocotillo with rock rings stabilizing the frame poles. Juniper bark was often used as thatch. They were usually in the shape of a beehive. Winter wickiups were covered on the top while summer wickiups were built without a top. Ramadas,
sometimes with low stone walls, served as shelter in summer months, particularly along the Verde River. Both men and women wore bangs and often painted their faces with red clay to protect themselves from the sun and for adornment. Some tattooed their faces with cactus needles dipped in a mixture of mesquite, ashes, and water.