At the turn of the century the Yavapai and Apache were allowed to return home. However, they found their homeland was now occupied by many settlers and ranchers. Immediately a campaign of protest was begun by the ranchers. Some sent letters to Washington D.C. demanding removal of the “dirty Indians.” Once again, they were an unwanted, homeless people. 


The Camp Verde Indian Agent gave the ‘returned’ thirty acres at Middle Verde. Life there was not any easier. The children were not allowed to attend Camp Verde Public Schools so many of them were sent away to Boarding Schools in New Mexico, Nevada, and California. In 1906 the sympathetic School Superintendent petitioned the government for money to purchase lumber to build a school for the Yavapai-Apache children at Middle Verde. 


The Camp Verde Indian Reservation was created about 1910 and the Middle Verde Indian Reservation about 1916. The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 and the subsequent ratification of the Yavapai-Apache Tribal Constitution in 1937 established the Yavapai-Apache Nation as a federally recognized entity.‚Äč


Fort Whipple Founded


Fort Verde Founded


Fort McDowell Founded


Rio Verde Reservation Established


San Carlos Reservation Established


Exodus to San Carlos Reservation


The Yavapai or Tonto Wars


Yavapai and Apache Begin to Return