Western Apaches moved across their territory living in seasonal camps of wikiups. They hunted and gathered wild animals and plants, but they also farmed maize and raided their neighbors. Roasting pits for mescal (agave) and meat were some of their only signatures on the landscape.
The introduction of the horse by the Spanish allowed Apaches to increase their territorial range, exploit more resources, and raid other tribes quickly and efficiently. Apaches relied heavily on horses as both a beast of burden and a food source.